The classical era in music, the transition from baroque to romantic music, lasted from around 1750 till 1800. In this period the symphony as a seperate work of art was developed. Another characteristic is the so-called sonata form, a way to structure music. The term classical for this music refers to the ancient Roman and Greek cultures, that were idealised in that era.
Composers that were born in the Czech Republic, or gained the Czech nationality.
Romanticism was characterised by idealising the expression of the emotions of the composer. The notion of the suffering artist stems form this period. The romantic era starts around 1800, and goes on some way into the twentieth century. In the first half of the twentieth century the ever more complex romantic music competed with the new forms and sound of the then modernistic composers.
- Kaňka, Johann [Jan] Nepomuk (1772–1865)