Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov

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Born: 18 March 1844 — Tikhvin — Russia
Died: 21 June 1908 — Lyubensk — Russia
Picture of Rimsky-Korsakov.
Portrait of Rimsky-Korsakov by Paul Helm
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Music

11 symphonic works

  • First Symphony, 1865
  • Overture on Three Russian Themes, 1866
  • Fantasia on Serbian Themes, 1867
  • Sadko (a musical picture), 1867
  • Antar (Second Symphony), 1868
  • Third Symphony, 1873
  • A Tale, 1879
  • Symphoniette on Russian themes, 1885
  • Capriccio Espagnol 1887
  • Sheherazade, 1888
  • Overture La Grande Paque Russe (Russian Easter Festival Overture), op. 36, 1888

15 operas

  • The Maiden of Pskov, 1872
  • The May Night, 1878
  • The Snowmaiden, 1881
  • Mlada (opera-ballet), 1890
  • The Christmas Night, 1895
  • Sadko, 1896
  • Mozart and Saliery, 1897
  • Vera Sheloga, 1898
  • The Tsar’s Bride, 1898
  • The Tale of Tsar Saltan, 1899
  • Servilia, 1901
  • Kashtshey Immortal, 1901
  • Pan Voyevoda, 1903
  • The Legend of the Invisible town Kitez, 1904
  • Le Coq d’Or, 1907

3 works for instrument and orchestra

  • Fantasia for violin, 1886
  • Concert for trombone, 1877
  • Concert for piano, 1882

79 romances

for different voices and piano, 1865-1898

2 Collections

  • 100 Russian folk songs, 1877
  • 40 Russian folk songs, 1882

Other musical works

  • several pieces for piano, 1875-1878
  • many instrumental and vocal ensembles, 1874-1901
  • Sacred music, 1884

He also wrote

  • Text-book on Harmony, 1884
  • The Principles of Orchestration, 1908 (published posthumously, 1913)
  • The Legend of My Musical Life, 1906 (published posthumously, 1909)

In Russia all of Rimsky-Korsakov’s musical and literary works are published as well as many books and articles about his life, his works and musical activity.

(Contributed by Andrey Beljakov <abu(at)beep.ru>)

Life

Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov was born in a small provincial town called Tikhvin, 200 km from St. Petersburg.

His family was unusual by the age of its members. At the time of his birth his father was 60, his mother 42 and his brother was already a naval officer and was 22 years old.

In Tikhvin little Nika learned to play the piano. His parents noticed that he made good progress and had a perfect ear. But they did not pay attention to this. At his parents will, Nika, when he was twelve, entered the Naval School at St. Petersburg to become a mariner following his brother.

From that time he began to go to operas, symphonic concerts and acquired a passion for music. His new music teacher Canille noticed the musical gift of his pupil and told him he should try to compose music himself. Canille explained the general rules of musical composition, set him homework and soon introduced to the composer Mily Balakirev who was the head of a St. Petersburg musical circle. During the last year of his studies at the Naval School (1861/62) Nikolay began to compose a symphony. He was happy and dreamed to become a composer.

But his mother and brother (his father died in March 1862) convinced him that a musical career would not ensure a sufficient income, and therefore he should become a naval officer. In order to do this, he had to embark on a round-the-world trip. In October 1862 Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov set off from Kronstadt as a gardemarine on the clipper "Almaz".

The young composer agreed with his parents hoping he would be able to compose on the ship. But the atmosphere there was not suitable to write musical compositions. Official duties did not allow any spare time for music. There was no piano or any other musical instrument on the ship. Not one of the crew took any interest in music. Nevertheless, during the first months of the cruise, mainly during a long stop in England (winter 1862/63) he composed the Andante for his symphony. But later, little by little, his passion for music died down. He thought that music was no longer a part of his life. The cruise lasted 2 years and 8 months. During this time Rimsky- Korsakov visited Germany, England, The United States of America (where he went on a trip to the Niagara Falls), Brazil, France and Spain. He saw many different aspects of nature, particularly of the Northern, Equatorial and Southern seas, the stormy and calm ocean, the starry sky of the Southern hemisphere.

All these natural pictures left striking impressions in his memory. Later he interpreted in his music, with a great talent, these impressions, as well as the natural phenomenon of the North of Russia. He created beautiful musical pictures of the sea (e.g. in "Sadko", "The Tale of the Tsar Saltan", "Sheherazade"); of the forest with its sounds (e.g. in "The Snowmaiden", "The Legend of the Invisible Town Kitez"); of the air and sky (e.g. in "The Christmas Night", "Kashtshey Immortal").

After Rimsky-Korsakov came back to Russia (May,1865), he began to work for the Coast Service in St.Petersburg and intended to enter the Naval Academy. But in St.Petersburg he met his former musical friends, who forced him to return to music and to complete his symphony. In the same year, on December 19th, Rimsky-Korsakov’s first symphony was performed for the first time in a concert with Mily Balakirev as the conductor, and it was a great success. The audience were astonished, when they saw that the author was a very young naval officer. So his musical career began. Still he had to earn a living and thus only gave up active naval service eight years later.

Rimsky-Korsakov’s musical activity did not only include the creative work. From 1871, when he was twenty-seven, and until the end of his life, he was a professor of the St. Petersburg Conservatoire; he held a civilian post of the inspector of the Naval Brass bands for ten years (1873-1883); worked as the Director of the Free Music School for seven years (1874-1881); was the Director’ s Assistant of the Imperial Capella for ten years (1883-1893); conducted symphonic concerts for more than thirty years (1874-19 07) at St. Petersburg, Moscow, Kiev, Brussels and Paris. He died in his own country seat, Loubensk, when he was sixty-four.

(Contributed by Andrey Beljakov <abu(at)beep.ru>)

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Concerts

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Events

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27 February 1879: Premiere of Borodin's Polovtsian Dances, in St. Petersburg, with Rimsky-Korsakov conducting.
12 November 1887: Premiere of Capriccio Espagnole op. 34, in St. Petersburg, Russia.
28 October 1888: Premiere of Sheherazade op. 35, in St. Petersburg, Russia, with Rimsky-Korsakov conducting.
7 January 1898: Premiere of Sadko, in Moscow, Russia.
2 November 1900: Premiere of The Tale of Tsar Saltan, in Moscow, Russia.
7 October 1909: Premiere of The Golden Cockerel, in Moscow, Russia.

Contributions by: abu |

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(1801) Franz Joseph Haydn: Premiere of Die Jahreszeiten (The Seasons), in Vienna, Austria.
(1866) Max Bruch: Premiere of Bruch's violin concerto no. 1 in g minor op. 26, in Koblenz, Germany, with Joachim playing violin and Bruch conducting.
(1866) Joseph Joachim: Premiere of Bruch's violin concerto no. 1 in g minor op. 26, in Koblenz, Germany, with Joachim playing violin and Bruch conducting.
(1911) Alban Berg: Premiere of piano sonata op. 1 and string quartet op. 3, in Vienna, Austria.
(1953) Karl Amadeus Hartmann: Premiere of Symphony no. 6, in Munich, Germany.

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Classical Sheet Music and MP3 accompaniment: download instantly at Virtual Sheet Music®
Picture of Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov.
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Sheet music for Rimsky-Korsakov

[details ←] Suite from Mlada, percussion, harp,
[details ←] Piano Concerto, piano, percussion,
[details ←] Russian Easter Overture, percussion, harp,
[details ←] Scheherazade, percussion, harp,
[details ←] Piano Concerto, piano,
[details ←] Le Vol Du Bourdon, Extrait De L’Opera ’Le Conte Du Tsar Saltan’, piano,
[details ←] The Flight of the Bumble Bee, concert band,
[details ←] The Flight of the Bumble Bee, concert band,
[details ←] Capriccio Espagnol, orchestra, full orchestra,
[details ←] Rimsky-Korsakov - Scheherazade, piano,
[details ←] The Complete Sacred Choral Works, choral, vocal,
[details ←] Flight of the Bumble-Bee, The from the opera ’The Legend of Tsar Saltan’, violin, piano,
[details ←] Capriccio Espagnol, Op. 34
[details ←] Russian Easter Overture, concert band,
[details ←] Flight of the Bumble Bee, piano,
[details ←] Practical Manual of Harmony
[details ←] Mozart and Salieri, Op. 48, vocal,
[details ←] Scheherazade, 4th Movement, orchestra,
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