Maurice Ravel

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Born: 7 March 1875 — Ciboure — France
Died: 28 December 1937 — Paris — France
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Portrait of Maurice Ravel by Paul Helm
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Music

Below is a list of compositions for Maurice Ravel. Click a title for details. [♫] indicates that the piece has one or more MIDI files available, provided by kunstderfuge.com.
OpusTitle [subtitle]KeyDate
Overture
17Schéhérazade. ouverture de féerie pour orchestre 1898
Ballet
11La parade 1896
Opera
18Olympia. 1899
49La cloche engloutie 1912
Choral piece
28Tout est lumière A maj1901
33La nuit E♭ maj1902
37Matinée de Provence A maj1903
45L'aurore E♭ maj1905
Chamber music
13Entre cloches F min1897
19Pavane pour une infante défunte G maj1899
35Quatuor in F major F maj1903
46Introduction et allegro G♭ maj1905
Prelude
65Prélude 1913
Fugue
20Fugue 1899
23Fugue in D major D maj1900
24Fugue à quatre voix in F major F maj1900
27Fugue in F major F maj1900
32Fugue in E flat major E♭ maj1902
36Fugue in E minor E min1903
44Fugue, in C major C maj1905
Prelude and fugue
26Prélude et fugue 1900
Menuet
42Menuet, in C sharp minor C♯ min1904
Sonata
12Sonate # 1 1897
Sonatina
40Sonatine F♯ min1905
Song
10D'Anne jouant de l'espinette: Lorsque je voy en ordre la brunette. C♯ min1896
9Sainte: À la fenêtre recélant. G min1896
15Chanson du rouet: O mon cher rouet E maj1898
16Si morne!: Se replier toujours, sur soi-même. F♯ min1898
21D'Anne qui me jecta de la neige: Anne par jeu me jecta de la neige G♯ min1899
39Manteau de fleurs: Toutes les fleurs de mon jardin sont roses 1903
47Noël des jouets: Le troupeau verni des moutons 1905
48Les grands vents d'outre-mer: Les grands vents venus d'outre-mer E♭ maj1906
Song cycle
41Schéhérazade E♭ min1903
Not (yet) classified
1Mouvement de sonate pour piano. 1888
2Variations sur un thème de Grieg 1888
3Variations sur un thème de Schumann 1888
4Ballade de la reine morte d'aimer: En Bohème était une reine. D min1893
5Sérénade grotesque F♯ min1893
6Un grand sommeil noir: Un grand sommeil noir C♯ min1895
7Menuet antique F♯ min1895
8Habanera F♯ min1895
14Valse in D major D maj1898
22Callerhoe 1900
25Les Bayadères G min1900
29Myrrha 1901
30Jeux d'eau E maj1901
31Semiramis 1902
34Alcyone 1902
38Alyssa 1903
43Miroirs D♭ maj1905
50Histoires naturelles F maj1906
51Vocalise-étude en forme de habanera G min1907
52L'heure espagnole 1907
53Sur l'herbe: L'abbé divague. Et toi, marquis C♯ min1907
54Rhapsodie espagnole A min1907
55Gaspard de la nuit C♯ maj1908
56Pavane de la Belle au bois dormant A min1908
58Menuet sur le nom de Haydn 1909
59Saint François d'Assise 1910
60Ma mère l'oye (I) A min1910
57aDaphnis et Chloé. suite d'orchestre #1 1911
61Valses nobles et sentimentales G maj1911
57Daphnis et Chloé A maj1912
62Ma mère l'oye (II) A min1912
57bDaphnis et Chloé. suite d'orchestre #2 1913
57cDanse gracieuse de Daphnis 1913
63À la manière de... D♭ maj1913
64Trois poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé G maj1913
66Zaspiak-Bat 1914
67Trio, in A minor A min1914
69Trois chansons pour choeur mixte sans accompagnement 1915
68Le tombeau de Couperin E min1917
70Frontispice 1918
68aLe tombeau de Couperin E min1919
72La valse D maj1920
73Sonate pour violon et violoncelle A min1922
74Berceuse sur le nom de Gabriel Fauré G maj1922
75Ronsard à son âme: Amelette Ronsardelette 1924
76Tzigane D maj1924
71L'enfant et les sortilèges 1925
78Chansons madécasses 1926
77Sonate #2 G maj1927
79Rêves: Un enfant court 1927
80Fanfare. prélude à "L'évantail de Jeanne" 1927
81Boléro C maj1928
82Concerto, in D major D maj1930
83Concerto, in G major G maj1931
85Morgiane 1932
84Don Quichotte à Dulcinée B♭ min1933

The list of compostions below was derived from Robert Poliquin’s website http://www.uquebec.ca/, and is used here with his permission.

Life

(Anonymous contribution.)

French, of paternal Swiss and maternal Basque descent, Ravel combined skill in orchestration with meticulous technical command of harmonic resources, writing in an attractive musical idiom that was entirely his own, in spite of contemporary comparisons with Debussy, a composer his senior by some twenty years.

Ravel wrote two operas, the first, described as a comédie-musicale, L’heure espagnole (The Spanish Clock) and the second, with a libretto by Colette, the imaginative L’enfant et les sortilèges (The Child and the Enchantments), in which the naughty child is punished when furniture and animals assume personalities of their own.

Ravel wrote his ballet Daphnis et Chloé in response to a commission from the Russian impresario Dyagilev. The work, described as a symphonie choréographique is based on the Hellenistic pastoral novel of Longus. Ma mère l’oye (Mother Goose), originally for piano duet, was orchestrated and used for a ballet, as were the Valses nobles et sentimentales and the choreographic poem La valse. Ravel’s last ballet score was the famous Boléro, a work he himself described as an orchestrated crescendo.

Songs by Ravel include the remarkable Shéhérazade, settings of a text by Tristan Klingsor for mezzo-soprano and orchestra, and the Don Quichotte à Dulcinée (Don Quixote to Dulcinea) songs, originally written for a film of Don Quixote in which the famous Russian bass Chaliapin was to star. Songs with piano include settings of the Jules Renard Histoires naturelles, with its instinctive sympathy with the birds and the cricket portrayed.

Ravel’s chamber music includes the evocative nostalgia of the Introduction and Allegro for harp, flute, clarinet and string quartet, a violin sonata with a jazz-style blues movement, a piano trio and a string quartet. Tzigane, written for the Hungarian violinist Jelly d’Arányi, is a remarkable excursion into extravagant gypsy style.

Ravel was himself a good pianist. His music for the piano includes compositions in his own nostalgic archaic style, such as the Pavane and the Menuet antique, as well as the more complex textures of pieces such as Jeux d’eau (Fountains), Miroirs and Gaspard de la nuit, with its sinister connotations. The Sonatina is in Ravel’s neo-classical style and Le tombeau de Couperin is in the form of a Baroque dance suite.


[in Dutch] Maurice Ravel studeerde compositie in Parijs o.a. bij G. Fauré, nam vijf keer deel aan de competitie voor Prix de Rome (1900-1905), zonder deze één keer te winnen, zelfs toen hij al bekend componist was. Ravel ontwikkelde zich als een classicistisch componist, die de traditionele vormen met souverein meesterschap wist te hanteren als kader voor zijn vernieuwingen. Hij had een grote aandacht voor het detail, ging uitermate minutieus te werk; hij onderzocht aan de piano iedere samenklank op zijn kwaliteiten. Kenmerkend zijn zijn vastomlijnde melodiepatronen en zijn voorliefde voor archaïsche modaliteiten. Opmerkelijk is ook het veelvuldig voorkomen van dansvormen in zijn werk. Zoals in de Boléro toont Ravel zijn muzikale passie voor Spanje in de liederen voor een Don Quijote film. Uiteindelijk werden voor het filmproject de Don Quichotte-liederen van Jacques Ibert genomen. (contribution by Robbert Muuse <robbertmuuse(at)hotmail.com>)

Places

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La Belvedère Montfort-l'Amaury House of Maurice Ravel<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
House of Maurice Ravel
La Belvedère Montfort-l'Amaury Ravel house, inside<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Ravel house, inside
La Belvedère Montfort-l'Amaury Ravel house, inside<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Ravel house, inside
La Belvedère Montfort-l'Amaury Ravel house, bedroom<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Ravel house, bedroom
La Belvedère Montfort-l'Amaury Ravel house, garden<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Ravel house, garden
église Collonges-sous-Salève Collonges-sous-Salève, church<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Collonges-sous-Salève, church
église Collonges-sous-Salève Collonges-sous-Salève, church inside<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Collonges-sous-Salève, church inside
église Collonges-sous-Salève Verdi plaque<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Verdi plaque
 Saint-Jean-de-Luz/Ciboure Ravel birthplace<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Ravel birthplace
 Saint-Jean-de-Luz/Ciboure Ravel birthplace<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Ravel birthplace

Sources — links

Concerts

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Events

Submit an event (date and year) for Maurice Ravel
5 April 1902: Premiere of Jeux d'Eau, in Paris, France.
5 April 1902: Premiere of Pavane pour un Infante Défunte, in Paris, France.
17 May 1905: Premiere of Alborada del Gracioso, in Paris, France.
28 March 1906: Premiere of Rhapsodie Espagnole, in Paris, France.
20 April 1910: Premiere of Ma Mère l'Oye for two pianos, in Paris, France.
9 May 1911: Premiere of Valses Nobles et Sentimentales, in Paris, France.
19 May 1911: Premiere of L'Heure Espagnol, in Paris, France.
8 June 1912: Premiere of Daphnis et Chloé, in Paris, France.
28 February 1920: Premiere of Tombeau de Couperin, in Paris, France.
12 December 1920: Premiere of La Valse, in Paris, France.
3 May 1923: Premiere of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition in Ravel's orchestration, in Paris, France.
30 November 1924: Premiere of Tzigane for violin and orchestra, in Paris, France.
21 March 1925: Premiere of L'Enfant et les Sortilèges, in Monte Carlo, Monaco.
22 November 1928: Premiere of Boléro, in Paris, France.
5 January 1932: Premiere of piano concerto in D major for the left hand, in Vienna, Austria.
14 January 1932: Premiere of the piano concerto in G major, in Paris, France.

Contributions by: muuse |

© 1995–2014 Jos Smeets — Quixote; Last update: 2010-06-16 16:38:42.
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Thu 17 Apr: L’Alma Chamber Orchestra en concert, le jeudi 17 avril à la Salle Pleyel 252 Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré, 75008 Paris
Wed 23 Apr: Trois Miniatures Pour quatuor à cordes, Premiere and workshop by the Arditti Quartet Milton court concert hall, Guildhall School of Music & Drama (London)
Thu 24 Apr: Von Hollywood nach Pankow - Hanns Eisler und die Frauen Arnold Schönberg Center Schwarzenbergplatz 6 1030 Wien
Sun 27 Apr: Godelieve Shrama + Wouter Snoei Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ Piet Heinkade 1 Amsterdam
Sat 3 May: Melodia Women’s Choir of NYC Presents “The Poet’s Song” Church of the Holy Apostles New York
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(1875) Anton Rubinstein: Premiere of Die Makkabäer, in Berlin, Germany.
(1928) Igor Stravinsky: Premiere of Apollon Musagète, in Washington, USA.
(1989) Andrew Lloyd Webber: Premiere of Aspects of Love, in London, England.

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Classical Sheet Music and MP3 accompaniment: download instantly at Virtual Sheet Music®
Picture of Maurice Ravel.
(sent by Robbert Muuse)

Sheet music for Ravel

[details ←] Half & Half-Vol. 1, piano,
[details ←] Daphnis and Chloe - Suites I and II
[details ←] Pavane (Pour Une Infante Defunte), orchestra,
[details ←] Pavane Pour Une Infante Defunte, alto saxophone, clarinet, horn, euphonium, trombone, oboe, trumpet, tuba, french horn, sax, percussion, concert band, flute, bassoon, saxophone,
[details ←] Pavane for A Silent Night , piano, organ, oboe, , choral, vocal,
[details ←] Pavane for a Silent Night (Based upon Pavane pour une infante defunte by Maurice Ravel), choral, vocal,
[details ←] Pavane for a Silent Night (Based upon Pavane pour une infante defunte by Maurice Ravel), choral, vocal,
[details ←] Analyses of the Piano Works of Maurice Ravel
[details ←] Piano Works II, piano,
[details ←] La Valse for Two Pianos, piano,
[details ←] Alborada del Gracioso & Prelude et Danse du Rouet from Ma Mere l’Oye, orchestra, full orchestra,
[details ←] Bolero (Young Concert Band Edition), concert band,
[details ←] Ravel Pavane Pft - Use 11357
[details ←] Ravel Jeux D’eau Pft - Use 12359
[details ←] Kreisler Tr23 Ravel Habanera V
[details ←] Miroirs, piano,
[details ←] Analyses Des Oeuvres Pour Piano De Maurice Ravel, piano,
[details ←] La Valse, orchestra, full orchestra,
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