Paul Hindemith

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Born: 16 November 1895 — Hanau — Germany
Died: 28 December 1963 — Frankfurt am Main — Germany
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Music

Born in Hanau, Germany, Hindemith was taught the violin as a child. He entered the Hochsche Konservatorium in Frankfurt am Main where he studied conducting, composition and violin under Arnold Mendelssohn and Bernhard Sekles, supporting himself by playing in dance bands and musical-comedy outfits. He led the Frankfurt Opera orchestra from 1915 to 1923 and played in the Rebner string quartet in 1921 in which he played second violin, and later the viola. In 1929 he founded the Amar Quartet, playing viola, and extensively toured Europe.

In 1922, some of his pieces were heard in the International Society for Contemporary Music festival at Salzburg, which first brought him to the attention of an international audience. The following year, he began to work as an organizer of the Donaueschingen Festival, where he programmed works by several avant garde composers, including Anton Webern and Arnold Schoenberg. From 1927 he taught composition at the Berliner Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. In the 1930s he made a visit to Cairo and several visits to Ankara where (at the invitation of Atatürk) he led the task of reorganizing Turkish music education. Towards the end of the 1930s, he made several tours of America as a viola and viola d’amore soloist.

In the 1930s the Nazis condemned his music as “degenerate”, despite protests from the conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler, and in 1940 Hindemith immigrated to the United States. (He was not himself Jewish, but his wife was.) At the same time that he was codifying his musical language, his teaching began to be affected by his theories. Once in the States he taught primarily at Yale University where he had such notable pupils as Lukas Foss, Norman Dello Joio, Harold Shapero, Hans Otte, Ruth Schonthal, and Oscar-winning film director George Roy Hill. During this time he also held the Charles Eliot Norton Chair at Harvard, from which the book A Composer’s World was extracted. He became an American citizen in 1946, but returned to Europe in 1953, living in Zürich and teaching at the University there. Towards the end of his life he began to conduct more, and made numerous recordings, mostly of his own music. He was awarded the Balzan Prize in 1962.

Hindemith died in Frankfurt am Main from acute pancreatitis.

Life

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Schloß Plön Plön Schloß Plön<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/10">Ed Tervooren</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Schloß Plön
 Lenzkirch Hindemith house<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/1">Jos Smeets</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Hindemith house
 Lenzkirch Hindemith plaque<br/><p class="copy">Uploaded by <a href="/user/1">Jos Smeets</a> [© Copyright may apply] — Classical Composers Database</p>
Hindemith plaque

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Concerts

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Events

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4 June 1921: Premiere of Das Nusch-Nuschi op. 20, in Stuttgart, Germany.
15 October 1923: Premiere of Das Marienleben op. 27, in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
9 November 1926: Premiere of Cardillac, in Dresden, Germany.
17 July 1927: Premiere of Hin und Zurück, in Baden-Baden, Germany.
8 June 1929: Premiere of Neues vom Tage, in Berlin, Germany.
28 July 1929: Premiere of Lehrstück, in Baden-Baden, Germany.
21 June 1930: Premiere of Wir Bauen eine Stadt, in Berlin, Germany.
28 May 1938: Premiere of Mathis der Maler, in Zürich, Switzerland.
21 July 1938: Premiere of Noblissima Visione, in London, England.
3 September 1940: Premiere of Die Vier Temperamente, in Boston, USA.
15 February 1943: Premiere of Ludus Tonalis, in Chicago, USA.
20 January 1944: Premiere of Symphonic Metamorphoses on themes by C.M. von Weber, in New York, USA.
20 June 1952: Premiere of Cardillac (second version), in Zürich, Switzerland.
4 June 1955: Premiere of Ite, Angeli Veloces, in Wuppertal, Germany, with Hindemith conducting.
11 August 1957: Premiere of Die Harmonie der Welt, in Munich, Germany.

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Wed 23 Apr: Trois Miniatures Pour quatuor à cordes, Premiere and workshop by the Arditti Quartet Milton court concert hall, Guildhall School of Music & Drama (London)
Thu 24 Apr: Von Hollywood nach Pankow - Hanns Eisler und die Frauen Arnold Schönberg Center Schwarzenbergplatz 6 1030 Wien
Sun 27 Apr: Godelieve Shrama + Wouter Snoei Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ Piet Heinkade 1 Amsterdam
Sat 3 May: Melodia Women’s Choir of NYC Presents “The Poet’s Song” Church of the Holy Apostles New York
Sun 4 May: Melodia Women’s Choir of NYC Presents “The Poet’s Song” DiMenna Center for Classical Music, 450 W. 37th St., NY, NY
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Birthdays:
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Events:
(1845) Gustav Albert Lortzing: Premiere of Undine, in Magdeburg, Germany.
(1889) Giacomo Puccini: Premiere of Edgar, in Milan, Italy.
(1918) Sergey Prokofiev: Premiere of the Classical Symphony in D major op. 25, in St. Petersburg, Russia, with Prokofiev conducting.
(1945) Olivier Messiaen: Premiere of Trois Petites Liturgies de la Présence Divine, in Paris, France.
(1948) Ralph Vaughan Williams: Premiere of Symphony no. 6 in e minor, in London, England.

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Picture of Paul Hindemith.
(Sent by Jeffrey H. Feldman)

Sheet music for Hindemith

[details ←] 2 Pieces for Organ (1918), organ,
[details ←] Mahnung an die Jugend
[details ←] Klaviermusik mit Orchester, Op. 29, orchestra, piano,
[details ←] March from Symphonic Metamorphosis, concert band,
[details ←] Symphony in B-flat Major for Concert Band, concert band,
[details ←] Paul Hindemith: Life and Work
[details ←] Bass Sonata (1949) (Double Bass / Piano), piano, double bass,
[details ←] Rondo for Three Guitars, guitar,
[details ←] Mathis der Maler (1934)
[details ←] Konzertmusik, Op. 50
[details ←] Violin Sonata Op. 11/6 (Violin), violin,
[details ←] Lieder, piano,
[details ←] Ludus Minor
[details ←] Ludi Leonum, piano, organ,
[details ←] Overture Flying Dutchman
[details ←] In a Night...
[details ←] Ludus Tonalis Organ, organ,
[details ←] Sonata, Op. 25, No. 4 (1922) (Viola), viola, piano,
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[details ←] Sonata Op. 31 No. 2 for Solo Violin (1924)

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