Ludwig van Beethoven

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Born: 16 December 1770 — Bonn — Germany
Died: 26 March 1827 — Wien — Austria
Picture of van Beethoven.
Portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven by Paul Helm
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Reactions
fantasia sixth sym

born 1940, Bill Haley, Rock around the clock, etc. Disney's Fantasia got me started on classical, romantic, etc. It took me 2 years to be able to like the first two movements of the sixth symphony. I love alot of music by all the greats, but Beethoven is by far my favorite. I have literally all of his recorded music, alot several times over (records, 8 track, cassettes, CD's)

[by “Anonymous” on 2011-01-01 22:48:43]
Barre VT

Hi Chris,
I am an oldlassmate of yours....you used to call me ittap Nelah? Just wanted to say Hi!
I am at ceepat72(at)yahoo.com
Seems like you have had a great career

[by “Anonymous” on 2010-01-29 18:40:21]
Ludwig Van Beethoven

I THOUGHT THAT BEETHOVEN WAS SO BORING!!!! BUT NOW THAT I SEE EVERYTHING HE DID AND EVERYTHING I AM STARTING TO LIKE HIM. I WOULD NEVER SAY THAT BECAUSE I USUALLY DONT LIKE CLASSICAL AND SLOW MUSIC BUT HIS I DO. HE INSPIRED ME TO LISTEN TO OTHER CLASSICAL MUSIC LIKE W.A. MOZART AND MANY OTHERS. HE HAS CHANGED MY LIFE. I WENT FROM A ROCKING OUT GIRL TO A SLOW- CLASSY GIRL! I AN=M SO HAPPY NOW! i LOVE hIM

[by “Anonymous” on 2009-05-02 12:37:46]
Awesome

I like everything about Beethoven i am doing a project on him and he is so interesting! His life is filled with many SURPRISES and he is so darn interesting. I cant wait to present it in class when it is due!

[by “Anonymous” on 2009-05-02 12:33:32]

News for Van Beethoven

Music

Below is a list of compositions for Ludwig van Beethoven. Click a title for details. [♫] indicates that the piece has one or more MIDI files available, provided by kunstderfuge.com.
OpusTitle [subtitle]KeyDate
Symphony
Anh 1Symphony, in C major C maj??
21Symphony # 1, in C major C maj1800
36Symphony # 2, in D major D maj1801
55Symphony # 3, in E flat major E♭ maj1803
60Symphony # 4, in B flat major B♭ maj1805
67Symphony # 5, in C minor C min1807
68Symphony # 6, in F major F maj1808
92Symphony # 7, in A major A maj1811
93Symphony # 8, in F major F maj1812
125Symphony # 9, in D minor, for orchestra with soloists (SATB) and choir D min1822
Concerto
Anh 7Piano concerto, in D major D maj??
WoO 4Piano concerto/sonata, in E flat major E♭ maj1784
WoO 5Violin concerto (movement), in C major C maj1790
15Piano concerto # 1, in C major C maj1795
19Piano concerto # 2, in B flat major B♭ maj1795
37Piano concerto # 3, in C minor C min1800
56Concerto for piano, violin and cello C maj1803
58Piano concerto # 4, in G major G maj1805
61Violin concerto, in D major D maj1806
61aPiano concerto, in D major D maj1807
73Piano concerto # 5, in E flat major E♭ maj1809
Chamber music
1Trios ??
137Fugue for quintet, in D major D maj??
18Quartets ??
59Quartets ??
70Trios ??
9Trios ??
Anh 2Quartets ??
Anh 2/1Quartet, in C major C maj??
Anh 2/2Quartet, in G major G maj??
Anh 2/3Quartet, in E flat major E♭ maj??
Anh 2/4Quartet, in F minor F min??
Anh 2/5Quartet, in D major D maj??
Anh 2/6Quartet, in B flat major B♭ maj??
Anh 3Trio, in D major D maj??
WoO 36Quartets 1785
WoO 37Trio, in G major G maj1786
WoO 38Trio, in E flat major E♭ maj1791
103Octet, in E flat major E♭ maj1792
103aQuintet, in E flat major E♭ maj1792
3Trio, in E flat major E♭ maj1794
4Quintet, in E flat major E♭ maj1795
87Trio, in C major C maj1795
16Quintet, in E flat major E♭ maj1796
16aQuartet, in E flat major E♭ maj1796
11Trio, in B flat major B♭ maj1797
20septet, in E flat major E♭ maj1800
14aQuartet, in F major F maj1801
29Quintet, in C major C maj1801
38Trio, in E flat major E♭ maj1803
74Quartet, in E flat major E♭ maj1809
95Quartet, in F minor F min1810
97Trio, in B flat major B♭ maj1810
WoO 39Trio en un Movement, in B flat major B♭ maj1812
104Quintet, in C minor C min1817
127Quartet, in E flat major E♭ maj1823
130Quartet, in B flat major B♭ maj1825
132Quartet, in A minor A min1825
131Quartet, in C sharp minor C♯ min1826
135Quartet, in F major F maj1826
Sonata
10Sonatas ??
102Sonatas ??
12Sonatas ??
14Sonatas ??
2Sonatas ??
27Sonatas ??
30Sonatas ??
31Sonatas ??
49Sonatas ??
5Sonatas ??
63Sonata, in E flat major E♭ maj??
64Sonata, in G major G maj??
Anh 4Sonata, in B flat major B♭ maj??
WoO 47Sonatas 1783
WoO 4Piano concerto/sonata, in E flat major E♭ maj1784
6Sonata, in D major D maj1796
7Sonata, in E flat, major E♭ maj1796
13Sonata, in C minor C min1797
17Sonata, in F major F maj1800
22Sonata, in B flat major B♭ maj1800
23Sonata, in A minor A min1800
24Sonata, in F major F maj1800
26Sonata, in A flat major A♭ maj1800
28Sonata, in D major D maj1801
47Sonata, in A major A maj1802
53Sonata, in C major C maj1803
54Sonata, in F major F maj1804
57Sonata, in F minor F min1804
69Sonata, in A major A maj1807
78Sonata, in F sharp major F♯ maj1809
79Sonata, in G major G maj1809
81aSonata, in E flat major E♭ maj1809
96Sonata, in G major G maj1812
90Sonata, in E minor E min1814
101Sonata, in A major A maj1816
106Sonata, in B flat major B♭ maj1817
109Sonata, in E major E maj1820
110Sonata, in A flat major A♭ maj1821
111Sonata, in C minor C min1821
Not (yet) classified
105Thèmes variés (6) ??
107Thèmes variés (10) ??
108Scottish songs (25) ??
114Marche with choir, in E flat major E♭ maj??
119Bagatelles (12) ??
126Bagatelles (6) ??
129Rondo a capriccio, in G major G maj??
33Bagatelles (7) ??
45Marches ??
48Lieders ??
51Rondos ??
52Lieders ??
72aLeonore ??
75Gesänge ??
82Arias (4) and Duo ??
83Gesänge ??
98An die ferne Geliebte ??
Anh 10Variations (8), in B flat major B♭ maj??
Anh 11Alexandermarsch, in F major F maj??
Anh 12Pariser Einzugsmarsch, in C major C maj??
Anh 13Trauermarsch, in F minor F min??
Anh 14waltzes (6) ??
Anh 15Glaube, Liebe und Hoffnung ??
Anh 16waltzes (4) ??
Anh 17Movement, in F major F maj??
Anh 18Nachruf: O du nach der sich alle meine Wunsche lenken ??
Anh 5Sonatines ??
Anh 6Rondo, in B flat major B♭ maj??
Anh 8Movements for piano ??
Anh 9German dances (9) for piano ??
WoO 105Hochzeitslied: Auf Freunde, singt dem Gott der Ehen! ??
WoO 158Folksongs (diverse) ??
WoO 178Signor Abate... ??
WoO 179Seiner kaiserlichen Hoheit...Alles Gute, alles Schone ??
WoO 18Marche militaire, in F major, with trio, in B flat major F maj??
WoO 19Marche militaire, in F major, with trio, in F minor F maj??
WoO 205Plaisanteries notées ??
WoO 33Movements (5) ??
WoO 91/1O welch ein Leben! ??
WoO 91/2Soll ein Schuh nicht drukken ??
WoO 99Iitalian songs ??
WoO160Canons vocaux ??
WoO 63Variations (9), in C minor C min1782
WoO 107Schilderung eines Madchens: Schildern, willst of the Freund 1783
WoO 31Fugue for 2 voices, in D major D maj1783
WoO 48Rondo (Allegretto), in C major C maj1783
WoO 49Rondo (Allegretto), in A major A maj1783
WoO 108An einen Saugling: Noch weisst of the nicht wess Kind of the bist 1784
39Preludes (2) on all keys 1789
WoO 1Musik zu einem Ritterballett 1790
WoO 109Trinklied (beim Abschied zu singen): Erhebt das Glas mit froher Hand 1790
WoO 111Punschlied: Wer nicht, wenn wam von Hand zu Hand er Punsch 1790
WoO 113Klage: Dein Silber schien durch Eichengrun 1790
WoO 65Variations (24), in D major D maj1790
WoO 87Todt! Todt! stohmt es 1790
WoO 88Er schlummert 1790
WoO 89Prüfung des Küssens: Meine weise Mutter spricht 1790
WoO 90Mit Mädeln sich vertragen: Mit Mädeln sich vertragen 1790
WoO 92Primo amore 1790
44Variations (14), in E flat major E♭ maj1792
WoO 112An Laura: Freud' umblühe dich auf allen Wegen 1792
WoO 114Selbstgesprach: Ich, der mit flatterndem Sinn 1792
WoO 115An Minna: Nur bei dir, an deinem Herzen 1792
WoO 116Que le temps me dure 1792
WoO 117Der freie Mann: Wer ist ein freier Mann? 1792
WoO 26Duo, in G major G maj1792
WoO 40Variations (12), in F major F maj1792
WoO 66Variations (13), in A major A maj1792
WoO 67Variations (8), in C major C maj1792
WoO 75Variations (7), in F major F maj1792
WoO 110Elegie auf den Tod eines Pudels: Stirb immerhin, es welken ja so viele 1793
WoO 25Rondino, in E flat major E♭ maj1793
WoO 41Rondo (Allegro), in G major G maj1793
WoO 50Movements (2) of a sonatine, in F major F maj1793
WoO 64Variations (6), in F major F maj1793
WoO 81Allemande, in A major A maj1793
46Adelaide: Einsam wandelt dein Freund im Fruhlings Garten 1794
WoO 118Seufzer eines Ungeliebten / Gegenliebe 1794
WoO 119O care selve 1794
WoO 126Opferlied: Die Flamme lodert 1794
WoO 6Rondo (Allegro), in B flat major B♭ maj1794
65Ah! perfido! 1795
81bSextuor, in E flat major E♭ maj1795
WoO 10Menuets (6) 1795
WoO 123Zartliche Liebe: Ich liebe dich, so wie du mich 1795
WoO 124La partanza (Der Abschied): Ecco quel fiero istante! 1795
WoO 159Im Arm der Liebe ruht sich's wohl 1795
WoO 160/1Canon, in G major G maj1795
WoO 160/2Canon, in C major C maj1795
WoO 28Variations, in C major C maj1795
WoO 52Bagatelle (Presto), in C minor C min1795
WoO 68Variations (12), in C major C maj1795
WoO 69Variations (9), in A major A maj1795
WoO 7Menuets (12) 1795
WoO 70Variations (6), in G major G maj1795
WoO 72Variations (8), in C major C maj1795
WoO 8Allemandes (12) 1795
WoO 9Menuets (6) 1795
WoO 91Die schöne Schusterin 1795
66Variations (12), in F major F maj1796
71Sextuor, in E flat major E♭ maj1796
8Serenade, in D major D maj1796
WoO 121Abschiedsgesang an Wiens Bürger: Keine Klage soll erschallen 1796
WoO 13Allemandes (12) 1796
WoO 32Duo, in E flat major E♭ maj1796
WoO 42Allemandes (6) 1796
WoO 43Movements 1796
WoO 44aSonatine (Allegro), in C major C maj1796
WoO 44bThème with variations, in D major D maj1796
WoO 45Variations (12), in G major G maj1796
WoO 53Allegretto, in C minor C min1796
WoO 71Variations (12), in A major A maj1796
WoO 122Kriegslied der Österreicher: Ein großes deutsches Volk sind wir 1797
WoO 51Movements (2) of a sonate facile, in C major C maj1797
50Romance, in F major F maj1798
WoO 11Ländler (7), in D major D maj1798
WoO 125La Tiranna: Ah grief to think! 1798
WoO 127Neue Liebe, neues Leben: Herz, mein Herz, was soll das geben 1798
WoO 128Plaisir d'aimer: Plaisir d'aimer besoin d'une âme tendre 1798
WoO 205aBaron 1798
WoO 29Marche, in B flat major B♭ maj1798
WoO 12Menuets (12) 1799
WoO 73Variations (10), in B flat major B♭ maj1799
WoO 76Variations (6), in F major F maj1799
43Die Geschöpfe des Prometheus (Les Créatures de Prométhée) 1800
WoO 120Man strebt die Flamme zu verhehlen 1800
WoO 131Erlkönig: Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind? 1800
WoO 77Variations faciles (6), in G major G maj1800
116Tremade, empj, tremate! 1801
25Serenade, in D major D maj1801
40Romance, in G major G maj1801
43aoverture, in C major C maj1801
WoO 100Lob auf den Dicken: Schuppanzigh ist ein Lump 1801
WoO 15Ländler (6) 1801
WoO 46Variations (7), in E flat major E♭ maj1801
WoO 92aNo, non turbati 1801
34Variations (6), in F major F maj1802
35Variations (15), with a fugue, in E flat major E♭ maj1802
WoO 101Graf, Graf, liebster Graf... 1802
WoO 14Contredances (12) 1802
WoO 54Movements (2) 1802
WoO 78Variations (7), in C major C maj1802
WoO 93Nei giorni tuoi felici 1802
121aVariations, in G major G maj1803
41Serenade, in D major D maj1803
42Notturno, in D major D maj1803
85Christus am Ölberge 1803
88Das Gluck der Freundschaft: Der lebt ein Leben wonniglich 1803
WoO 129Der Wachtelschlag: Ach, mir schallt's dorten so lieblich hervor! 1803
WoO 56Bagatelle (Allegretto), in C major C maj1803
WoO 57Andante, in F major F maj1803
WoO 74Ich denke dein: Ich denke dein 1803
WoO 79Variations (5), in D major D maj1803
WoO 130Gedenke mein 1804
138overture, in C major C maj1805
32An die Hoffnung: Die du so gern in heil'gen 1805
WoO 55Prelude, in F minor F min1805
WoO 82Menuet (Moderato), in E flat major E♭ maj1805
WoO 132Als die Geliebte sich trennen wollte / Empfindungen bei Lydiens Untreue: Der Hoffnung letzter Schimmer sinkt dahin 1806
WoO 134/1Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt 1806
WoO 134/2Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt 1806
WoO 134/3Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt 1806
WoO 134/4Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt 1806
WoO 80Variations (32), in C minor C min1806
WoO 83Écossaises (6), in E flat major E♭ maj1806
62overture, in C minor, for orchestra C min1807
86Messe, in C major C maj1807
WoO 133In questa tomba oscura 1807
WoO 134Sehnsucht 1807
WoO 16Ecossaises (12) 1807
80Choral fantasy 1808
WoO 59Bagatelle, in A minor A min1808
76Variations (6), in D major D maj1809
77Fantasy, in G minor / B flat major G min1809
84Egmont 1809
WoO 136Andenken: Ich denke dein 1809
WoO 137Lied aus der Ferne: Als mit noch die Trane 1809
WoO 138Der Jüngling in der Fremde: Der Fruhling entblühet dem Schoss der Natur 1809
WoO 139Der Liebende: Welch ein wunderbares Leben 1809
WoO 58Cadenzas (2) 1809
WoO 152Irish songs (25) 1810
WoO 155Welsh songs (26) 1810
WoO 161Ewig dein 1810
WoO 21Polonaise militaire, in D major D maj1810
WoO 22Écossaise militaire, in D major D maj1810
WoO 23Écossaise militaire (Allegro), in G major G maj1810
WoO 27Duos 1810
113Die Ruinen von Athen 1811
117Konig Stephan 1811
WoO 140An die Geliebte: O dass ich dir vom stillen Auge 1811
WoO 162Ta ta ta... 1812
WoO 30Equale 1812
91Wellingtons Sieg (Wellington's Victory) or Die Schlacht bei Vittoria (The Battle of Victoria) 1813
WoO 141Der Gesang der Nachtigall: Hore, die Nachtigall singt 1813
WoO 142Der Bardengeist: Dort auf dem hohen Felsen sang 1813
WoO 163Kurz ist der Schmerz 1813
WoO 2aTriumphmarsch, in C major C maj1813
WoO 2bPrelude, in D major D maj1813
100Merkenstein: Merkenstein! wo ich wandle denk ich dein 1814
112Meeresstille und glückliche Fahrt 1814
115overture, in C major C maj1814
118Elegischer Gesang: Sanft wir of the lebtest 1814
136Der glorreiche Augenblick 1814
72bFidelio 1814
89Polonaise, in C major C maj1814
WoO 102Abschiedsgesang: Die Stunde schlägt 1814
WoO 103Un lieto brindisi: Johannisfeier begehn wir heute! 1814
WoO 143Des Kriegers Abschied: Ich zieh'ins Feld von Lieb'entbrannt 1814
WoO 144Merkenstein 1814
WoO 153Irish songs (20) 1814
WoO 154Irish songs (12) 1814
WoO 157Several folksongs (12) 1814
WoO 164Freundschaft ist die Quelle wahrer Gluckseligkeit 1814
WoO 199Ich bin der Herr von zu, Du bist der Herr von von 1814
WoO 205bAllein jedoch. Silentium! 1814
WoO 94Germania 1814
WoO 95Die verbundeten Fursten 1814
94An die Hoffnung: Ob ein Gott sei? ... Die of the so gern in heil'gen Nachten feierst 1815
WoO 135Die laute Klage: Turteltaube, of the klagest so laut 1815
WoO 145Das Geheimnis (Liebe und Wahrheit): Wo bluht das Blumchen, das nie verbluht? 1815
WoO 146Sehnsucht: Die stille Nacht undunkelt erquikkend Tal und Hoh! 1815
WoO 165Gluck zum neuen Jahr! 1815
WoO 166Kurz ist der Schmerz 1815
WoO 167Brauchle, Linke 1815
WoO 168aDas Schweigen: Lerne schweigen, o Freund 1815
WoO 168bDas Reden: Rede wenn's um einen Freund 1815
WoO 96Music 1815
WoO 97Es ist vollbracht 1815
99Der Mann von Wort: Du sagtest, Freund, an diesen Ort komm ich zurück 1816
WoO 147Ruf vom Berge: Wenn ich ein Voglein war 1816
WoO 169Ich küße Sie... 1816
WoO 170Ars longa, vita brevis 1816
WoO 205fScheut euch nicht 1816
WoO 24Marche militaire, in D major D maj1816
WoO 104Gesang der Mönche: Rasch tritt der Tod 1817
WoO 148So oder so: Nord oder Sud! 1817
WoO 149Resignation: Lisch aus, mein Licht! 1817
WoO 156Scottish songs (12) 1817
WoO 171Glück fehl' dir vor allem... 1817
WoO 205cO Adjutant 1817
WoO 205dWo? Wo? 1817
WoO 172Ich bitt' dich, schreib' mir die Es-Scala auf 1818
WoO 200O Hoffnung 1818
WoO 201Ich bin bereit... 1818
WoO 60Movement (Ziemlich lebhaft), in B flat major B♭ maj1818
120Variations (33), in C major C maj1819
123Messe, in D major D maj1819
WoO 17Dances (11) 1819
WoO 173Hol' euch der Teufel! B'hut euch Gott! 1819
WoO 174Glaube und hoffe 1819
WoO 175Sank Petrus war ein Fels, Bernardus war ein Sankt 1819
WoO 176Gluck, Gluck zum neuen Jahr! 1819
WoO 205eErfullung 1819
WoO 150Abendlied unterm gestirnten Himmel: Wenn die Sonne nieder sinket 1820
WoO 177Bester Magistrat, Ihr friert 1820
WoO 180Hoffmann, sei ja kein Hofmann 1820
WoO 181/1Gedenket heute an Baden 1820
WoO 181/2Gehabt euch wohl 1820
WoO 181/3Tugend ist kein leerer Name 1820
WoO 182O Tobias! 1821
WoO 61Movement (Allegretto), in B minor B min1821
124overture, in C major C maj1822
128Der Kuss: Ich war bei Chloen ganz allein 1822
WoO 3Gratulations-Menuett, in E flat major E♭ maj1822
WoO 34Small movement, in A major A maj1822
WoO 98Wo sich die Pulse jugendlich jagen / Laßt uns im Tanze 1822
121bOpferlied: Die Flamme lodert, milder Schein 1823
122Bundeslied: In allen guten Stunden 1823
WoO 106Lobkowitz-Kantate: Es lebe unser teurer Furst! 1823
WoO 183Bester Herr Graf, Sie sind ein Schaf! 1823
WoO 184Falstafferel, lass' dich sehen! 1823
WoO 20Marche militaire with trio, in C major C maj1823
WoO 202Das Schone zum Guten 1823
WoO151Der edle Mensch sei hulfreich und gut: Der edle Mensch sei hulfreich und gut! 1823
WoO185Das Gottliche: Edel sei der Mensch, hulfreich und gut 1823
WoO 186Te solo adoro 1824
WoO 187Schwenke dich ohne Schwanke! 1824
WoO 205gTobias! Paternostergassler 1824
WoO 84Waltz, in E flat major E♭ maj1824
133Grosse fuge, in B flat major B♭ maj1825
WoO 188Gott ist ein feste Burg 1825
WoO 189Doktor, sperrt das Tor dem Tod 1825
WoO 190Ich war hier, Doktor, ich war hier 1825
WoO 191Kuhl, nicht lau 1825
WoO 192Ars longa, vita brevis 1825
WoO 193Ars longa, vita brevis 1825
WoO 194Si non per portas, per muros 1825
WoO 195Freu' dich des Lebens 1825
WoO 203Das Schone zu dem Guten 1825
WoO 204Holz, geigt die Quartette so 1825
WoO 205hTobias 1825
WoO 35Small movement (canon instrumental), in A major A maj1825
WoO 61aMovement (Allegretto quasi Andante), in G minor G min1825
WoO 85Waltz, in D major D maj1825
WoO 86Écossaise, in E flat major E♭ maj1825
134Grosse fuge, in B flat major B♭ maj1826
WoO 196Es muss sein... 1826
WoO 197Da ist das Werk... 1826
WoO 198Wir irren allesamt... 1826
WoO 205iBester Tobias 1826
WoO 205kEster aller Tobiasse 1826
WoO 62Movement (Andante maestoso), in C major C maj1826
Jean-François Grancher

Glimpses on Beethoven’s Sonatas

Piano Sonata op. 2 Nr. 3

While finished in 1795 and published in Vienna a year later, Beethoven’s Sonatas op. 2, Nrs. 1, 2 and 3 were certainly conceived in Bonn by the 15-year old master in 1785, who expressed the same ideas in his Quartet in C-major for piano and chords. They are dedicated to Joseph Haydn. According to Latvian musician Wilhelm von Lenz (1809–1883), the Sonatas op. 2 show that Beethoven won the first round in his rivalry with Haydn and Mozart. They were premiered by Madame Von Bernhard and coldly received by Viennese public. Later, they were totally eclipsed by Beethoven’s great Sonatas and became didactic pieces much appreciated by pedagogues. The great Ukrainian pianist Emil Guilels tried to rehabilitate the Nr. 3 in C-major and played it in Europe as well as at his New York début recital. Unfortunately, his unforgettable performance of this work was not recorded in Europe. Hermetic messages of Allegro con brio, sober beauty of Adagio, discreet joy of Scherzo allegro and mystery of its Coda and strange charm of Assai allegro are the main attributes of this early Beethoven’s work.

Piano Sonata op. 53 (Waldstein or Aurore)

Beethoven’s friend, admirer and benefactor, the count Ferdinand Ernst Gabriel von Waldstein (1762–1823), offered him in 1803 a concert grand piano produced by the famous French manufacturer Sébastien Érard (1752–1831). The composer appreciated the extended keyboard and the structural strength of his new instrument and materialized on it in 1804 the music thoughts, which haunted him before Eroica Symphony, in piano Sonatas op. 57 (Appassionata), op. 53 and op. 54. Called "Waldstein" in Austria, Germany and Anglo–Saxon countries, Sonata op. 53 in C-major is named "Aurore" in France and some other European countries. This great canticle of triumph, chanting the affirmation of life, love and happiness in heyday of glory, was neither understood, nor appreciated by pianists and musicologists before Beethoven’s death. Some German philistines were inconvenienced by repletion of scales and arpeggios. Much later, Richard Wagner dispraised its coldness. Beethoven heard just once his masterpiece op. 53 (and op. 57) performed for him by the phenomenal French pianist Marie de Morouges-Bigot (1786–1820) who lived in Vienna. This lady was able to perform "a prima vista" Sonatas Waldstein and Appassionata from Beethoven’s manuscript! Beethoven fell in love with her and wrote her: "My dear Marie, what you played for me was not my music. It was something much better." Unfortunately, Madame de Morouges-Bigot, who stunned the old Haydn too with her phenomenal artistry, never played Beethoven’s works in public! By 1857, Clara Schumann started to introduce Waldstein, Appassionata and Hammerklavier (op. 106)¹ to German and foreign public. Alas, Beethoven died thirty years earlier. In 20-ieth Century, Madame Guiomar Novaes (1896–1979) gave absolutely unrivalled performances of Waldstein Sonata. Emil Guilels (1916–1985) left a remarkable recording, as well as the Romanian piano star from London, Radu Lupu (born in 1945). They unveiled the mystery of the opening bars and four-note figure which haunts the first movement, as well as complementing contrasts of its two main ideas, hidden intimate poetry of the second movements and its hermetic staccatos and ringing climaxes of the last movement.

¹ Opus 106 was premiered by Franz Liszt in Paris in 1836, the French pianist Alexander Billet gave the first performance of «Hammerklavier» Sonata in London in 1850 and from 1853, the greatest pianist in the history of British piano, Arabella Goddard (1836–1922) performed it in London and other cities in United Kingdom, as well as in Paris, Berlin (before Clara Schumann), Leipzig, Florence etc.

Sonate à Kreutzer op. 47 in A -major

Beethoven heard in Vienna the French violinist and prolific composer Rodolphe Kreutzer (1766–1831) considered the greatest violin virtuoso in pre-Paganini era. Stunned by his virtuosity and his musicianship, Beethoven composed for him his opus 47, which includes some pages written much before Kreutzer’s concert in Vienna, sent him to Paris a hand-written copy of his work with dedication in French. Alas, Rodolphe Kreutzer refused the dedication and returned the score to Beethoven with mention "outrageously unintelligible work", which he would never play. The critic of the music magazine "Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung", terrified by Beethoven’s technical prowess in this work, denounced his "artistic terrorism"! Beethoven premiered his monumental work in Vienna on 24th of May 1804 with the Ethiopian violinist George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (1778–1860).

Some musicographers wrote that Lev Tolstoy’s nouvelle "La Sonate à Kreutzer" was inspired by Beethoven’s masterpiece. While Tolstoy (1828–1910) gave to his nouvelle the title "La Sonate à Kreutzer", he could not be inspired by Beethoven’s work which he contemned and despised. Tolstoy’s idiotic statements concerning Beethoven’s Sonata movements (chapter XIV): horrendous "presto", banal variations and feeble "finale" give evidence of his total ignorance of the work. His irreverent analysis of Beethoven’s aesthetical principles as well as some puerile reflections formulated in the story entitled "Albert" in 1858 betoken his strange incomprehension of music, which, however, he liked since his childhood.

Sonatas op. 10 Nr 3 in D-major and op. 31 Nr. 2 in D-minor

Beethoven’s first biographer and sincere friend Anton Schindler (1795–1864) considered his Sonata op. 10 nr. 3 in D-major (1797) one of the most beautiful ones, especially its movement "largo e mesto" and its emotional intensity obtained by a huge dynamic process of enhancement. Much later, in 1823, Anton Schindler remembered the Sonata op. 10 nr. 3 and ask Beethoven to explain the meaning of its "largo e mesto". Beethoven’s answer was laconic: "Read The Tempest by Shakespeare!"

An English concert organizer before the London première of Beethoven’s Sonata op. 31 Nr. 2 in D-minor, composed in 1802, announced the first performance of the «Tempest» Sonata by Ludwig van Beethoven. This strange epithet remained in England and nowadays is often exported on the continent, while it contrasts sharply with composer’s philosophical speculations, intimate combats and intense poetry expressed in this masterpiece.

The great pianists Clara Haskil (1895–1960) and Guiomar Novaes (1896–1979) rendered with emotional depth and technical mastery Beethoven’s eruptions of romantic feelings and thoughts in his opus 31 number 2, after the emotional vacuum and heart silences in his Sonata op. 31 nr. 1 in G-major, unbecoming of his genius. According to Beethoven’s Latvian admirer and connoisseur of his works, Wilhelm von Lenz, Beethoven definitely forgot Haydn and Mozart and initiated a second phase in his creative evolution.

(Excerpts from criticisms published in Maltese newspapers The Times, The Sunday Times and The Malta Independent on Sunday by Jean-François Grancher)


The list of compostions below was derived from Robert Poliquin’s website http://www.uquebec.ca/, and is used here with his permission.

Life

Beethoven’s birthdate was very likely 16 December. He was baptised on the 17 December (thanks Melissa Arseneau!).

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Concerts

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Events

Submit an event (date and year) for Ludwig van Beethoven
29 March 1795: Premiere of piano concerto no. 2 in B flat major op. 19, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven at the piano.
2 April 1800: Premiere of Symphony no. 1 in c minor op. 21, in Vienna, Austria, with Paul Wranitsky conducting.
28 March 1801: Premiere of Die Geschöpfe de Prometheus, in Vienna, Austria.
5 April 1803: Premiere of Symphony no. 2 in D major op. 36, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
5 April 1803: Premiere of piano concerto no. 3 in c minor op. 37, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven at the piano.
24 May 1803: Premiere of violin sonata in A major op. 47 “Kreutzer Sonata”, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven at the piano.
7 April 1805: Premiere of Symphony no. 3 in E flat major op. 55 “Eroica”, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
20 November 1805: Premiere of Fedelio (first version), in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
23 December 1806: Premiere of the violin concerto in D major op. 61, in Vienna, Austria.
15 November 1807: Premiere of Symphony no. 4 in B falt major op. 60, in Vienna, Austria.
8 December 1808: Premiere of Symphony no. 7 in A major op. 92, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
22 December 1808: Premiere of the Chorfantasie op. 80, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting and playing piano.
22 December 1808: Premiere of piano concerto no. 4 in G major op. 58, with Beethoven as soloist and conducting.
22 December 1808: Premiere of Symphony no. 5 in c minor, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conduting.
22 December 1808: Premiere of Symphony no. 6 in F major “Pastoral”, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
28 November 1811: Premiere of the piano concerto no. 5 in E flat major op.73, in Vienna, Austria.
8 December 1813: Premiere of Die Schlachtensinfonie op. 91, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
27 February 1814: Premiere of Symphony no. 8 in F major op. 93, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
11 April 1814: Premiere of piano trio in B flat major op. 97 “Erzherzogtrio”, in Vienna, Austria.
23 May 1814: Premiere of Fidelio (final version), in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
18 April 1824: Premiere of Missa Solemnis op. 123, in St. Petersburg, Russia.
7 May 1824: Premiere of Symphony no. 9 in d minor op. 125, in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven conducting.
6 March 1825: Premiere of String Quartet in E flat major op. 127, in Vienna, Austria.
6 November 1825: Premiere of string quartet in a minor op. 132, in Vienna, Austria.
21 March 1826: Premiere of String Quartet in B flat major op. 130, in Vienna, Austria.
23 March 1828: Premiere of String Quartet in F major op. 135, in Vienna, Austria.

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Wed 23 Apr: Trois Miniatures Pour quatuor à cordes, Premiere and workshop by the Arditti Quartet Milton court concert hall, Guildhall School of Music & Drama (London)
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(1627) Heinrich Schütz: Premiere of Dafne, in Torgau, Germany.
(1909) Milii Balakirev: Premiere of Symphony no. 2 in d minor, in St. Petersburg, Russia.
(1948) André Jolivet: Premiere of the Concerto for Ondes Martenot and Orchestra, in Vienna, Austria.
(1953) Olivier Messiaen: Premiere of Livre d'Orgue, Stuttgart, Germany, with Messiaen at the organ.
(1963) Iannis Xenakis: Premiere of Stratégie, in Venice, Italy.

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[details ←] Ne’giorni tuoi felici
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